Strain Name: BALB/cJGpt-Tg(hCD3E BAC)102/Gpt
Strain Type: BAC Transgenic
Strain ID: T001550
Gene Symbol: CD3E; Cd3e
Alias: T3E; TCRE; IMD18; CD3; T3e; AI504783; CD3epsilon
Product Status: Live, Cryopreserved
Availability: Available for distribution
Health Status: Specific pathogen free (SPF)
CD3E encoded the CD3-epsilon polypeptide, which together with CD3-gamma, -delta and -zeta, and the T-cell receptor alpha/beta and gamma/delta heterodimers, forms the T-cell receptor-CD3 complex. This complex plays an important role in coupling antigen recognition to several intracellular signal-transduction pathways. The CD3 complex as an external signal transducer, is one of the target molecules to modulate T-cell functions. Defects in this gene cause immunodeficiency. Part of the TCR-CD3 complex is present on the surface of T-lymphocytes, receives antigen-presenting cell signals, activates intracellular downstream signaling pathways, and plays an important role in adaptive immune responses.
CD3-target-based bispecific antibodies (CD3-TCB) shine in the treatment of lymphoma. CD3-TCB specifically recognizes the target molecule CD3 on T-cells, while at the same time being able to recognize tumor-specific targets, thereby stimulating a targeted immune response of T-cells and bringing about specific killing.
The hCD3E mouse model is a transgenic line obtained by injecting modified human BAC (Bacterial Artificial Chromosome) containing the human CD3E gene and its entire regulatory sequence into fertilized eggs of BALB/c mice. hCD3E is co-expressed with mCD3e on the surface of T-cells. This strain is used to screen specific antibodies against human CD3E and facilitates development of bispecific antibody drugs.
Detection of hCD3E expression
hCD3E is expressed on the surface of T-cells, and 96% CD3+ T-cells are hCD3E and mCd3e co-expressing cells in BALB/c-hCD3E mice.
No significant differences were observed between hCD3E transgenic mice and wild type BALB/c mice.
BALB/c-hCD3E mice respond to anti-hCD3E antibody and anti-mCD3E antibody, and BALB/c wide type mice only respond to the stimulation of anti-mCD3E antibody. IL2, IFN-g and TNF level were strikingly elevated after the stimulation of anti-CD3 antibody in BALB/c-hCD3E mice.
(A) Tumor size of A20 in hCD3E mice (Mean volume ± SEM), (B) B-cell depletion by CD3/CD20 bi-specific antibody in blood.
A20-CD20 cells in logarithmic growth phase were inoculated into BALB/c-hCD3E mice (6-8 weeks old) by subcutaneously. When the average volume of tumors reached to 100 mm 3, all mice were randomly divided into three different study groups (n=8), mice were treated with PBS (black), 1mg/kg Bispecific mCD3xmCD20(red), 1mg/kg Bispecific hCD3xmCD20 (green) every 3 days for a total of 4 times.
The results showed that Bispecific hCD3xmCD20 (TGI=42%) and Bispecific mCD3xmCD20 (TGI=50%) inhibited tumor growth when used alone. The B cells in the blood of the mice were destroyed.
The result shows that BALB/c-hCD3E is an ideal model for evaluating the efficacy of CD3E bispecific antibodies in vivo.